The Dutch team HOSPER – Niek Roozen – Cepezed – Witteveen+Bos finished second in the “Park Russia” competition; the design of the planned theme park close to Moscow.
The “Russia” theme park is a newly planned park of 1600 ha. It will be an educational and recreational amusements park where visitors can stay one day until two weeks. All regions in Russia will be involved in the plans for the park. The location lies at about 75 kilometers from the centre of Moscow. The program of the park includes: entertainment, amusement theme parks, sport facilities, education, expositions, health care, commercial functions and various themed public spaces and landscapes.
For the second phase of the competition five international teams were selected. The organization had received 180 applications from 41 countries for the first selection phase.
The Dutch team sent in their proposal ‘Park Russia’. The proposal was appreciated because of the contextual approach and the way functions, built program and infrastructure was integrated into a green park-like landscape.
The main source of inspiration for the proposal was Russia itself. The Russian culture with its cities and buildings, and the Russian heroes in art, sports, literature, astronautics and warfare. The spectacular and diverse nature of Russia has also been of great inspiration.
The location itself with the 30m high hill, the existing forests and water structure act as the basis for the design and layout of the park. All of the required program elements and units are located in relation to these natural conditions. The existing forests are preserved and new forests are created to form a green network structure, more natural towards the outskirts of the park and more urbanized near the central park and the unit squares. The existing water is integrated into the design and a new water system is introduced in and around the central park.
The park has been divided into six functional units (the commercial-, entertainment-, nature- and sports unit, and a unit for future development) from which all the elements of the park radiate. Each unit has a central plaza, and the public open park in the middle of the site connects them all.
Every unit has a theme and the buildings of the units respond to these themes. This gives every unit a characteristic atmosphere. Every built unit is different, but there are a few things in common: there is a green space and recreational route on top of the buildings, and every set of buildings has a big glass dome. The buildings are interacting with the squares and the central park: they embrace and go over into one another.
The Russia Globe building will be the iconic centre of Park Russia. Not only will this iconic building be the main entrance, but inside the Russia Globe visitors can also discover the real Russia. Built at the heart of the central park zone, it will be the landmark for all visitors. The Russia Globe will furthermore be the main transport hub for the park: visitors arrive by train from Moscow and from Domodedovo International Airport directly. The monorail system offers a comfortable ride to the various units and parking lots in Park Russia.
Sustainability is one of the cornerstones in the conceptual design of Park Russia; in the buildings and the water- and energy supplies, but also in the waste conversion to energy and products. Transportation in the park itself relies on a monorail-route and the use of electric cars along snow free routes through the central park, next to the use of bicycles and boats.